Scabies is a relatively contagious infection caused by a tiny mite (Sarcoptes scabiei).
A contagious skin disease occurring especially in sheep and cattle and also in humans, caused by the itch mite, Sarcoptes scabiei, which burrows una disease that is caused by small insects and that causes itching and red spots on the the skin.
CAUSES OF SCABIES-
The eight-legged mite that causes scabies in humans is microscopic. The female mite burrows just beneath your skin and produces a tunnel in which it deposits eggs. The eggs hatch, and the mite larvae work their way to the surface of your skin, where they mature and can spread to other areas of your skin or to the skin of other people. The itching of scabies results from your body’s allergic reaction to the mites, their eggs and their waste.
Close physical contact and, less often, sharing clothing or bedding with an infected person can spread the mites.
Dogs, cats and humans all are affected by their own distinct species of mite. Each species of mite prefers one specific type of host and doesn’t live long away from that preferred host. So humans may have a temporary skin reaction from contact with the animal scabies mite. But people are unlikely to develop full-blown scabies from this source, as they might from contact with the human scabies mite.
TYPES OF SCABIES –
Symptoms of scabies may sometimes vary but there is only one mite that causes the condition, the Sarcoptes scabies mite. When people talk about different types of scabies, they are usually referring to the different ways the rash can appear.
Most of the time, scabies causes tiny blisters on the skin along with thread-like red lines where the mites have tunneled below the skin. The rash usually appears in folds of skin, like between the fingers, under the breasts, around the genitals, behind the knees and on the inside of the elbows. In infants, the rash sometimes appears on the face or scalp.
Rarely, scabies causes a thickening of the skin and a crusty rash. It’s called Norwegian scabies or crusted scabies and when it occurs, it indicates that there are many more mites than usual under the skin.
LIFE CYCLE OF SCABIES –
SYMPTOMS OF SCABIES-
Scabies signs and symptoms include –
1. Severe and intense itching – This tends to occur in only one place at first, before spreading to other areas. The itch is generally worse at night and after a hot bath. In most people, the itch is felt all over the body, even in areas where the mites are not present.
2.Rashes – The blotchy and lumpy reddish rashes caused by scabies can appear anywhere on the body. The rashes may appear like tiny blisters or pimple-like bumps.
In the elderly, young children and people with a compromised immune system, rashes may also develop on the head and neck. It’s important to refrain from scratching the rashes as much as possible, as it can lead to the formation of crusty sores.
3.Burrows – Also known as mite tunnels, these are fine, dark, or silvery lines on the skin. They are usually about 2 to 10 millimeters long, and are often found on the loose skin between the fingers the inner surface of the wrists and on the hands.
In young children, the mite tunnels appear on the head/scalp, neck, palms and soles. In adults and older children, aside from the areas mentioned above,
they are usually found –
“In the armpits, On your inner elbow, Around your waist, On the knees, On the soles of your feet, Around the breasts (chest area), On the shoulder blades, Around the male genital area, On the buttocks.”
4.Worsened pre-existing skin condition- If you have a skin condition like psoriasis or eczema, scabies can worsen its symptoms, leading to further discomfort. It is also usually harder to diagnose scabies in people with any of these skin problems.
5.Thick crust on the skin – If your scabies remains untreated, the rashes may become crusty. Beware, as this means that you have severe type of scabies called crusted scabies or Norwegian scabies.
If a toddler with itch scratches the fidgety areas of skin, it will increase the possibility that the burned skin will be infected by bacterium. Impetigo, a microorganism skin infection, might occur in skin that’s already infected with itch.
If you’ve had scabies before, signs and symptoms may develop within a few days of exposure. However, if you’ve never had scabies, it could take as long as six weeks for signs and symptoms to begin. It’s important to remember that you can still spread scabies even if you don’t have any signs or symptoms yet.
Scabies Is Contagious –
It can be spread in the following ways-
1. Prolonged skin-to-skin contact, such as holding hands.
2. Intimate personal contact, such as having sexual intercourse.
3. Sharing clothing, bedding, or towels that have been used by someone with a scabies infection.
4. Since scabies is mostly transmitted through direct physical contact, the infestation can easily be passed on to family members, friends, and sexual partners.
The infestation may also spread quickly in-
Sports locker rooms
The best way to prevent getting scabies is to avoid direct skin-to-skin contact with a person known to have scabies.
It’s also best to avoid unwashed clothing or bedding that has been used by a person infested with scabies.
Scabies mites can live for 48 to 72 hours after falling off your body, so you need to take certain precautions to prevent reinfestation.
Make sure to wash all of the following in hot water that reaches 122°F (50°C)-
These items should then be dried in the dryer on very high heat for at least 10 to 30 minutes.
Bleach and hot water can also be used to clean other surfaces that may contain scabies mites.
1. Family and close contacts should be treated at the same time, even if asymptomatic.
2. Cleaning of environment should occur simultaneously, as there is a risk of reinfection.
3. Therefore it is recommended to wash and hot iron all material (such as clothes, bedding, and towels) that has been in contact with scabies infestation.
4. Vacuuming floors, carpets, and rugs.
5. Disinfecting floor and bathroom surfaces by mopping.
6. Cleaning the shower/bath tub after each use.
7. Daily washing of recently worn clothes, towels and bedding in hot water, drying in a hot dryer and steam ironing.
8. Consistently rubbing antibacterial lotion on infected areas.
9. Trying to keep infested areas covered by clothing or band aids.
10. Avoid contact with anus or genital areas, if infected, permanent damage may be caused
HOME REMEDIES OF SCABIES-
1. NEEM LEAVES –
Neem leaves can also be used to cure scabies due to their antibacterial and antifungal properties. Neem leaves help reduce itching and can clear the mites within only a few days.
Make a paste out of a handful of fresh neem leaves. Wash the affected area and then apply the neem paste. Let it dry naturally and then take a bath to wash it off. Do this daily to speed up the healing process.
Boil some neem leaves in a cup of water. Let it cool to room temperature. Drink one tablespoon of the liquid three or four times a day. Repeat this for a week or two to make sure the mites and scabies are gone completely.
2. TURMERIC –
Turmeric is a wonder herb with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties that can greatly relieve the symptoms of scabies.
Mix one tablespoon of turmeric powder and a few drops of lemon juice and water to make a thick paste. Apply the paste on the affected skin and leave it on for about an hour. Then rinse it off with lukewarm water. Do this once daily until you notice significant improvement.
Onions contain quercetin, which is a known analgesic that will relieve the symptoms of an itch.
Onion is also extremely rich in organosulfur compounds, which will directly attack and eliminate the scabies parasite.
we can use onion to treat scabies:
Take a piece of onion, and chop it up in a few whole pieces and put it in a bowl. Sprinkle some salt on it and then cover the bowl. Apply the resulting juice using a cotton ball on the affected area.
4. WHITE VINEGAR-
White vinegar contains acetic acid, which reduced the pH level of your skin making it more acidic.
Following is how you would use white vinegar to treat your scabies:
Mix white vinegar and fresh water in a 1:1 ratio.Apply the solution to the affected area with a cotton ball. Leave it on for about five minutes and then rinse it off with lukewarm water. This treatment can be applied for up to three times a day.
5. CLOVE OIL –
Besides having known anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, clove oil is also an analgesic, which relieves the almost insatiable itch that accompanies a scabies infection.
Following is how you apply the treatment –
Take one tablespoon of olive oil and add it to 4 tablespoons of virgin coconut oil. Apply this mixture to the affected area and let the skin absorb it naturally.
Your condition should improve within two weeks.
6.BORAX and HYDROGEN PEROXIDE –
Borax and hydrogen peroxide can be combined to form a highly effective treatment for scabies. Borax is a natural insecticide and fungicide. Hydrogen peroxide is a known anti-bacterial agent.
Following is how you apply the treatment –
Fill a bathtub with lukewarm water,Mix two cups of borax and one cup of hydrogen peroxide.Soak yourself in this bath for at least 15 minutes.Take this bath at least once a day and your condition should improve within weeks.
HOMOEOPATHIC REMEDIES FOR SCABIES –
“Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution, family history, presenting symptoms, underlying pathology, possible causative factors. The focus is usually on what caused the disease condition? Why ‘this patient’ is sick ‘this way’.
The disease diagnosis is important but in homeopathy, the cause of disease is not just probed to the level of bacteria and viruses. Now a days, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The correct homeopathy remedy tries to correct this disease predisposition.
The focus is not on curing the disease but to cure the person who is sick, to restore the health. If a disease pathology is not very advanced, homeopathy remedies do give a hope for cure but even in incurable cases, the quality of life can be greatly improved with homeopathic medicines.”
One of the most prescribed Homeopathic medicines for scabies is Sulphur. The symptoms to look out for include intense itching and scratching which worsen with washing and heat, especially at night . Dry ,rough skin ,excessive itching. Bad odour from the body. The condition is characterised by unhealthy skin with pimply eruptions which are painfully sensitive to air, wind and washing.
Sepia is one of the most effective Homeopathic medicines for scabies cases where a person complains of itching vesicles not relieved by scratching. The skin turns pinkish from scratching. The condition gets worse in the open air while the person feels better in a warm room. Scabies which is present mostly at the bends of the elbows and knees and where scratching does not provide any relief is also treated well with Sepia, making it a popular prescription among Homeopathic medicines for scabies. Worse in bends of elbows and knees and in spring weather.
3. PSORINUM –
It has shown the most remarkable results in case of unhealthy skin with an abnormal tendency to skin diseases. In such cases, the person complains of intolerable itching which gets worse from lying in bed. In fact, so severe is the itching that the person scratches until the skin starts to bleed.Skin is oily and itching returns in every winters.
Psorinum is the best treatment option among Homeopathic medicines for scabies with dirty, rough, scabby, greasy skin along with violent itching.
4.ARSENICUM ALBUM –
Scabies with violent itching along with great restlessness is treated well with Homeopathic medicine Arsenic Album. The skin peels off in large scales and is very sore to touch in such cases. Dry, rough, scaly, dirty skin. Over-sensitiveness of the skin with acute itching and burning is observed in cases where Arsenic Album will prove the most effective among Homeopathic medicines for scabies.
Causticum is one of the best Homeopathic drugs for scabies with extreme itching and scratching in the finger networks, prompting to extraordinary soreness. Burning, crudeness and soreness are the key symptoms to pay special mind to in scabies situations where Homeopathic solution Causticum will demonstrate successful.
6.KALI SULPHURICUM –
Kali Sulphuricum is one of the best Homeopathic medicines for evacuation of scabs after skin infections. Scabies that worsens with warmth is likewise treated well with Kali Sulphuricum, rating it among the best Homeopathic medicines for scabies.